The Turkish Language is spoken by around 70 million native speakers, who mainly reside in Turkey. Turkish comes from the language family called Ural-Altaic languages. Turkish has been influenced by Persian and Arabic and some modern day words keep the same sounds from English and French.
Turkish is completely different to the English language and can at first seem a bit daunting to learn and complicated. As you begin to understand the grammar and how sentences work then you will quickly pick up Turkish with lots of practise.
The hardest part of learning Turkish is getting to grips with the word order and the suffixes (word endings) which are used all the time in Turkish.
The other main difference from English, is Turkish makes use of vowel harmony which can be a little confusing to start with but after a while becomes second nature to use.
You will also find that you will have to study a lot of vocabulary using lists and flashcards, as Turkish vocabulary is completely different to that of English, though you will come across various words taken from English and French which always helps.
In Turkish sentences are the reverse of English.
A Turkish sentence is made up of subject + object + verb
For example: kedi yemek istedi = cat food wanted (the cat wanted food)
Grammar in Turkish is fairly easy to learn, once you learn a rule in Turkish Grammar you find there are no expections and the rule never changes making it very easy to remember.
Turkish has no gender. He, She and It are all the same and represented by ‘O’. We will cover more of this in personal pronouns.
In Turkish we use suffixes. Suffixes are used in nearly every sentence, changing a root words meaning. This could be to mean something in the past or present, something that belongs to someone, where an object is and so on. We will look at this in more depth as we cover the various parts of Turkish Grammar.
Vowel harmony which is not used in the English language is a large part of speaking Turkish. Vowel harmony changes the suffixes to make words flow and harmonise better. But don’t worry at the start if you get them wrong people will understand you or work out what you are meaning.
Another huge part of Turkish and any other language is body language, when you are around native Turkish speakers pay attention to how they use their body when speaking, movement of hands etc Language is made up of xxxx
Remember you pronounce Turkish words exactly as they are written each letter has a fixed sound. Though at times there are certain ways you stress parts of a word this comes from learning suffixes and again is easily learnt the more you speak.
Learning any language is all about practise, speaking and listening as much as you can. Learning a language from a book or a website like this is good to get to know the grammar and learn vocabulary but remember language is all about communicating and communicating means speaking, so the more your practise and speaking with other Turkish speakers the quicker and easier it will be to learn.
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